Module 4 – Instructional Techniques
Just as a single shoe size doesn't fit everyone, neither does a single learning environment or instructional method ensure learning for all. Adult learners come not only from differing localities, cultures, and home experiences, but also from different educational backgrounds. The phrase “learning modalities” refers to all the different ways in which learners acquire, process, and demonstrate what they know. Adult literacy instructors are also adult learners – they too have common learning habits and preferences that affect the way they deliver instruction.
Adult literacy instructors should use a variety of tools and methods to determine the preferred ways a student approaches learning. While the content of instruction is based on a learner’s goals and assessment results, instructional delivery should be matched to the learner’s preferences and strengths.
Consider a class in which you were bored or frustrated. If possible, consider a class in which you received a poor grade.
- What was the instructor’s teaching style? How did he or she present material?
- How did the instructor’s delivery methods fit your learning style? How did you feel in class?
- What could the instructor have done to “hook into” your strengths and preferences? How could he or she have better determined those needs and preferences?
On your worksheet, make some notes about your frustrating class and how it made you feel. Then state your ideas on how the class could have been improved.
The next three sections examine the topic of learning modalities from three viewpoints – learning styles, multiple intelligences theories, and pacing and practice in instruction. Each of these topics represents a vast amount of educational research. Our discussion will only brush the surface, to bring the issue to your attention and provide you with resources for further study.
Click "Next" below or a specific topic on the outline to the left to continue.